Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Study
The Stanislaus Council of Government's 2022 Electric Vehicle (EV) Infrastructure Study was conducted for the purpose of developing a roadmap for increasing electric vehicle charging infrastructure, facilitating electric vehicle penetration, and improving air quality in the Stanislaus Region.
The Study findings/recommendations support the state's climate change goals and the Governor's Executive Order N-79-20, which calls for the elimination of new internal combustion passenger vehicles by 2035 and a target for the sale of new Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEVs) to help put the state on a path to carbon neutrality by 2045. According to the U.S. Department of Energy's Alternative Fuels Data Center, an average light-duty Battery EV (BEV) operating in California is estimated to reduce annual Greenhouse Gas emissions by 81% compared to a typical gasoline-powered vehicle, while a Plug-in Hybrid Electric (PHEV) is estimated to reduce GHG emissions by 59%.
StanCOG's 2022 Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Study provides a plan for an evolving network of EV charging infrastructure necessary to sustain EV market growth in the region. The study evaluates market and policy conditions, illustrates the potential demand for regional EV charging infrastructure, identifies high-priority locations within Stanislaus County for new charging stations, presents cost estimates for future charging infrastructure, and outlines implementation strategies needed to accelerate EV sales and charger installation.
EV Infrastructure Study
As of 2020, there were approximately 2,600 EVs registered in Stanislaus County. The number is expected to increase dramatically in the next 15 years with projections ranging from 60,000 to more than 180,000 EVs by 2035. To support 60,000 EV drivers (the low end of projection for 2035), nearly 5,000 workplace Level 2 chargers, 3,000 public Level 2 chargers, and 500 direct current fast chargers will be needed. At the high end of the EV projection, more than 20,000 workplaces and public Level 2 chargers and more than 1,000 DC fast chargers would be needed.
The 2022 Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Study identified 21 high-priority sites for new public charging stations with consideration of the following factors/criteria:
- Location of disadvantaged communities
- Market demand by census tract
- Land use zoning designations
- Proximity to existing charging stations
- Distance to multi-unit residential development
- Proximity to public transport connections
- Other factors
The priority sites are projected to have a high demand for EV charging. As such, these charging stations are anticipated to have high utilization and provide a better return on investment. The Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Study provides StanCOG and its local member jurisdictions, the utility companies, and potential site owners with valuable information regarding high-priority sites, charging equipment types and specifications, network providers, equipment vendors and procurement, capital and operations and maintenance costs, permitting, and other information to support the implementation of EV infrastructure within the Stanislaus Region.